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Japanese Glossary M to R


  • mangaka: an author of manga
  • megami: goddess
  • minna: everybody
  • monogatari:story
  • moshi moshi:hello. Used only when picking up the phone
  • namida:tears
  • neko: cat
  • ningen: human being
  • o: king
  • obaasan: grandmother
  • ohayo: informally, good morning.
  • ojiisan: grandfather
  • okaasan: mother
  • oneesan/oneechan: sister
  • oni: malicious spirits
  • oniisan: brother
  • onna: woman
  • onsen: hot springs
  • otaku: a fan. In Japan, the term carries a negative connotation since it refers to people whose social life is nonexistent due to their hobby, be it anime or something else. In western cultures, most anime fans refer to themselves as otaku, which isn't strictly true.
  • otoko: man
  • otousan: father
  • ronin: historically, a vagabond samurai. Nowadays also used for people who fail university exams.
  • ryu: dragon

10 Interesting Facts about Japan


1. There are 127 million people living in the Japan
2. Japan is nicknamed the “Land of the Rising Sun”.
3. Japanese Sake is made from fermented rice, and usually served warm
4. There are over 200 volcanoes in Japan
5. In Japan, snowmen are made of two large snowballs, not three.
6. There are more than 1,600 temples in Kyoto.
7. Japan’s Haiku poetry is the shortest in the world, consisting of only three lines.
8. The fortune cookie dates back to Kyoto, Japan during the 19th century.
9. The Japanese constitution includes an article completely renouncing war and aggression.
10. Under Japanese law, Kobe beef can only come from Hyogo Prefecture.

Glossary of Anime Terms

Baka
The Japanese word for "idiot" or "fool".

Bishounen "beautiful young man" / Bishoujo "beautiful girl"
This term is very rarely used outside of anime. "bishounen" is usually only applied to very feminine, swishy male anime characters.

Chibi
"chibi" literally means "midget" and refers to anything small and cute.In anime, "chibi" refers to the super-deformed style of drawing. Characters with huge heads and itty bitty little bodies.

Cosplay
Short for "costume play". Dressing up as your favorite characters.

CG
Computer Graphics, or refering to anything in anime that is drawn digitally with 3D models.

Dojinshi
Literal meaning: same things, different people.
Fan produced itmes from similar storylines, especially fan drawn manga. Dojinshi is pretty much legal in Japan as it shows the makers of official manga how popular their work is. Fan works range from hand-made photocopies stapled together into booklets to the professionally bound works.

Ecchi
"is the Japanese pronunciation of the English letter "H", which in turn stands for "hentai". It means anything perverted, overly sexual, etc. Always in a negative context.

Fanfic
A story written by fans that involves characters from an existing anime series. Usually written in installments and published on the internet, the content ranges from continuations of the official story to improbable situations to erotica.

Fan Service
Anything used to please the audience that has nothing to do with the show. In anime, this is a "code word" for things like panty shots, close up of busts, etc. usually when the audience is predominately male.

Fansub
Fan-subtitled. The only way to find a translation of many less popular titles as well as surprising ones is through fansubbing. Generally, fansubbed items are distributed by copying freely, so poor quality copies are common. It is considered unethical and illegal to fansub a show which is being commercially translated.

Hentai
Refers to anything perverted, erotic, or sexual, always in a negative context. Words both as an adjective and a noun. Something can be described as "hentai," and you can also simply call someone a "hentai."

Hime "Princess"
This is a name suffix, added to the ends of names. (Ex: Mononokehime = Princess Mononoke). If used alone as a noun, not attached to a name, the term is usually "himesama" or "ohimesama."

Henshin
To transform.
This term generally refers to animes or manga that has characters transforming into their magical alter ego. (Ex. Sailormoon)

J-pop
Japanese popular music.

Japanimation
A term used to refer to Japanese animation.

Kawaii "cute"
Literally, "kawaii" means defenseless/pathetic, but these days refers to anything dripping of cuteness. Also used for "cute" as in "cute girl/boy.". It is common for American anime fans to overuse this word. If you are male, please realize that this makes you sound comically swishy.

Kodomo
Literally means child. In the anime world, this term refers to anime or manga that is specifically created with children under the age of 10 in mind. Some popular kodomo anime titles are Doraemon and Anpanman.

Lemon
mature content
This is not a Japanese term. It is a word invented by American anime fans to refer to anime and fan fiction with sexual content.

Lolita
A term used for hentai involving children. Lolita comes from the book Lolita in which a forty some year old man falls in love with a fourteen year old girl. Lolita hentai is popular among men in Japan.

Lime
Usually refers to fanfic that hints that a couple had sex.

Manga
Japanese comics
As of 1998, over 54% of all bound printed matter published in Japan was manga, with nearly 2.8 billion volumes printed annually. Manga is much more popular than anime in Japan. Almost all anime starts as manga, gains a following, and is then converted to anime. Note that "manga" is printed, "anime" is animated. The two terms cannot be interchanged.

Mecha
Big robots in anime.
This is not a Japanese term. It was invented originally by American anime fans to describe the big robots found in anime. Ironically, the term has caught on in Japan, and now some anime actually uses the term as well.

Megami-sama
A goddess. "megami" literally means "female god." "sama" is an honorary suffix usually attached to the end.

Manga-ka
A term used for a manga artist. Manga-ka is a difficult and much desired job in Japan unlike comic artists.

OAV
Stands for original animation video. Not part of a tv series, but not a movie.

Otaku "obsessive fan"
This is a dangerous word. It has been adopted by American anime fans to mean any sort of anime/manga fan. Some even use it with pride. Note that in Japan, "otaku" is a very very harsh insult. It is reserved only for people who never leave their houses (which is what otaku literally means), because they are too frightened of people. No hygeine, no people skills, no motivation, and usually very perverted and disgusting. Use with great care outside of America.

OST
Original SoundTrack - Soundtrack albums for the music in anime series.

OVA
A long, made for TV version of an anime series, usually 1-2 hours long. Occasionally seen on television, but usually released straight to video or DVD.

Omake
This term means "extra" in Japanese. In anime terms it usually refers to the silly stories, author notes, and alternative scenes found at the end of an anime series or manga.

Ronin
The Japanese term for a samurai without a master. Basically, they wandered around looking for work as a hired sword, and have a sort of cool, "lone gunslinger" image. Can also be used to describe students taking exams to a university. (ex. Keitaro from Love hina, Godai from Maison Ikkoku)

Regional Codes
A general DVD term, Regional Codes can be used to prevent the playback of certain discs depending on the geographical area it is played in. These codes were placed after various studios and home video companies supported these codes as a required part of current DVD standards. In doing so, they hoped to better control how DVD titles were exported to other countries. Regional codes can usually be found on the back of DVD packages inside the Regional Coding globe logo with the region number on it. In some cases, the Regional Code is spelled out.

The following is the regional breakdown.

Region 1 (R1) - The United States, United States territories, and Canada
Region 2 (R2) - Europe, Japan, the Middle East, Egypt, South Africa, and Greenland
Region 3 (R3) - Taiwan, Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Hong Kong
Region 4 (R4) - Mexico, South America, Central America, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, and the Caribbean
Region 5 (R5) - Russia, Eastern Europe, India, most of Africa, North Korea, and Mongolia
Region 6 (R6) - China

Raw
n the anime world, "raw" is the common term used for unsubbed anime.

Seiyuu
The Japanese voice actors/actresses in anime. This may include singers.

Shounen-ai
Boy love.
This term refers to anime or manga that deals with relationships between two male characters. It is generally thought of as being less explicit than yaoi. Examples may include Gravitation or Yami no Matsuei.

Yaoi
Any content that has boy-boy situations. Homosexual content.

Yuri
Literal meaning: lily.
In the anime world, this term is the equivalent of yaoi but for girls. In other words, it refers to anime/manga with girl-girl situations.

Categorization:

Josei
(n.) young woman.
Demographic indicator for anime and manga aimed at young women. One of the rarest forms of anime, a large proportion of josei anime/manga appears to fall under the category of "yaoi".

Shoujo
(n.) daughter; young lady; virgin; maiden; little girl.
Demographic indicator for anime and manga aimed at girls. However, among Western fans, it is often misinterpreted to mean "an anime with the stylistic qualities usually associated with shoujo".

Shounen
(n.) boys; juveniles.
Demographic indicator for anime and manga aimed at boys. The most obvious and common example of shounen is "fighting" anime, where extremely powerful warriors duke it out amongst each other with various forms of martial arts and superpowers.

Seinen
(n.) youth; young man.
Relatively uncommon in the west due to the emphasis on the male teen market, "seinen" is a demographic indicator for anime and manga aimed at a young adult male (college-aged) audience. They are intended for a more mature audience.

8 Interesting Anime Facts


  1. The anime with the most episodes is Sazae-san - 6345 in total
  2. In Japan more paper is used for printing manga than for making toilet paper.
  3. In Japan more than forty new anime appear on television per week.
  4. The Japanese believe males get nosebleeds if they are turned on.
  5. Anime is so successful in Japan, that there are almost 130 voice-acting schools in the country.
  6. Hello Kitty does not have a visible mouth because she speaks from her heart.
  7. Bleach was originally rejected due to similarities to Yu Yu Hakusho.
  8. Animated Japanese films and television shows (i.e. Anime) account for 60% of the world’s animation.

Did you know in anime?


  • That Nausicaa had been voted best female character in the Anime Grand Prix every year since 1984, the year the film was released, until Rei Ayanami from Evangelion came along?
  • That Yu Watase's (Fushigi Yugi) favorite character is the series' villain Nakago?
  • That Tenchi Muyo started out as a sequel of sorts for Bubblegum Crisis?
  • That in the French version of Maison Ikkoku, all the characters are constantly getting drunk on sodas and fruit juice because censorship wouldn't allow the words beer and alcohol in a cartoon?
  •  That the cover of Eric Clapton's album "Pilgrim" was illustrated by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto, character designer for Evangelion?

Anime Expressions


Japanese Sex Dictionary

Abe, Sada
Few women could erotically asphyxiate their lover, remove his genitals with a household tool, walk “beaming with happiness” through the streets of Tokyo clutching said cock’n'balls in hand and still garner the sympathy of her compatriots. Yet that’s exactly what Sada Abe (阿部定) managed on May 18th 1936. Although convicted, Abe was later pardoned during the celebrations marking the anniversary of Emperor Jimmu’s ascension to the throne. Last seen playing herself in erotically charged bio-pics. The phrase “only in Japan” was coined for occasions such as this.

Bukkake
Here’s one for those who believe Japan has given the world nothing. Taken from the verb bukkakeru (打�?�掛�?�る, to dash or splash), this merry little activity was considered a punishment at one time, though we can’t imagine why. Involving a protagonist, several supporting players and a whole lotta treating one’s body like a circus.

Chikan
Not to be confused with the delicate Indian embroidery of the same name, chikan (痴漢) are so central to society that in some cities they’ve even inspired their own train. Not that they’re allowed to ride in it, of course. This group of social daredevils get their kicks groping innocents in crowded environments, thriving on the sardine-tight subways of Japan’s larger metropolises.

Dekapai
…or “big tits” to you and I, dekapai (デカパイ) are the stuff of otaku dreams. While anime has transformed them into a proud art form, scientifically impossible breasts aren’t merely the stuff of fantasy. Leading dekapai idols include the otherwise miniscule Megumi and the no-holes-barred Anna Ohura, both of whom will retire comfortably on their “natural” assets.

Enjo Kousai
The P.C. term for enjo kousai (�?�助交際) is “assisted dating”, which makes it sound like a recovery program for the romantically challenged. Reportedly on the decline, the phenomenon once provided relief for two subsections of society – Japan’s sexually depressed CEOs and the financially impoverished kogaru, desperate to keep up with expensive trends and transient fashions. Child prostitution or comfort for the elderly? The jury’s still out.

Fashion Health
Another oddly misleading phrase that has little to do with its subject. A Fashion Health Massage (ファッションヘルスマッサージ) takes place in a brothel, rather than a gym, and involves everything the male mind could wish for, short of actual intercourse. Apparently.

Gokkun
The onomatopoeic cousin of bukkake, gokkun (ゴックン) is the sound of someone swallowing. One human vessel and several eager donors required. ‘Nuff said.

“H”
“H” is the first letter of the word hentai (変態) and is therefore afforded supreme status in our little wordbook, for without hentai and its associated pictorial success the world would know little of Japan’s outlandish sexual practices. Suitably perverse, the locals pronounce it ecchi (エッ�?). the first word most foreigners learn after watashi wa…

Iijima, Ai
Ai Iijima (飯島愛) was gang-raped as a schoolgirl, left home shortly after and made a living doing many of the things we’ve written about here. One of Japan’s most successful porn stars, Iijima retired from the business at the grand old age of 20. Her bestseller biography, Platonic Sex, saw success as a TV series and mainstream movie, and she now earns her keep admiring udon along with the other nonentities on the variety TV circuit. There’s artistic progress for you.

Japasen
For those believing that all you have to do is flex and they’ll come running, japasen (ジャパセン) is the reviled trough into which you have fallen. A code word for foreign men who prey on Japanese flesh, memorizing it may save you several months of bewildered celibacy.

Kabukicho
Named after a Kabuki theater that never was, Kabukicho (歌舞伎町) is synonymous with all things grimy. Think seedy cinemas, think yazuka, think Kabukicho. For further info, see the article Floating World on page …

Love Dolls
It’s unsurprising that the Japanese, along with the Germans, were first to develop the sturdier big sister to the blow-up doll, but few could have foreseen the levels this study in perversion would attain. Manufacturers fight to better each other with new and sinister features, such as the Sayaka Deep Kiss model, now complete with removable, washable vagina and head.

Mizuage
As seen in Memoirs of a Geisha (100% accurate), the mizuage ceremony is the ceremonial deflowering of a maiko to the highest bidder. And curse the blighters who suggest the geisha world is related to prostitution.

No-Pan-Kissa
In the mid 80s, No-Pan Kissa (ノーパン喫茶) were the discerning salaryman’s retreat of choice. Involving waitresses, short skirts, no underwear and a lot of mirrored flooring; the phenomenon went into a predictable decline once the no-touching rule was broken. All innocence lost, the establishments moved into seedier surrounds and slowly drifted into the past. Expect the same fate for maid cafes.

Onsen Geisha
Again, not quite the thriving workforce they once were, Onsen Geisha (温泉芸者) preceded soapland workers by a few decades, performing services that few governments would shop as a tourist attraction.

Prostitution
The Anti-Prostitution Law of 1956 brought the glory years to an end, though various loopholes have been adequately exploited since. Essentially, it’s just coitus that is illegal in Japan, so if you’ve been indulging in anything else, you’re absolutely onside. Go you!

Roshutsu
Apparently common practice in the adult film industry, roshutsu (露出) involves the revealing of the body outdoors, often in public places. Not a craze that seems to have spread to everyday society. More’s the pity.

San-P
San P (3P) is the involvement of three practitioners in one practice. In other words, a threesome. Can’t imagine Dr. Johnson had this much fun researching his dictionary.

Tentacle Rape
A sci-fi fetish that seems to have origins in Shinto and a more playful approach to sexuality. Since woodblock artist Hokusai’s renowned piece The Dream of the Fisherman’s Wife, the depiction of women impaled on tentacles has found its way into numerous hentai manga. Yet another cultural asset to be proud of.

Uno, Sosuke
In August 1989, Prime Minister Sosuke Uno (宇野宗佑) incensed the nation by not supporting his geisha sufficiently, and subsequently resigned. The fact that he had a wife was neither here nor there.

Yoshiwara
The yoshiwara (�?�原) was the area of Edo designated for prostitution in the 1700s. Records suggest that up to 1700 women were put to work at the height of its popularity, escorted once a year to view the cherry blossoms, for which you can assume they were damned grateful.